Metro Two: Moscow’s Top Secret Subway System

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Hidden subway buried 600 feet under Moscow

Metro Two is a purported underground transportation system concealed by the construction of the Moscow Metro on the orders of Josef Stalin, beginning in the 1930s.

This system is believed to still be in operation today and has been added on to by various Soviet leaders over the years.

On more than one occasion, Russian journalists have written about Metro Two. They claim that neither the Russian government, the FSB-the Russian Federal Security Service, or the administrating body of the Moscow Metro has confirmed or denied the existence of the system.

Background

Due in part to the Great Depression and the Second World War, construction was interrupted. The first phase of the system was not completed until 1967. Very little is known about the exact layout of Metro Two. There are currently believed to be four lines in total that connect the various government buildings of the Kremlin, the FBS headquarters and the government airport at Vnokovo. There are rumours of an underground city capable of accommodating up to 30,000 people at Ramenki, as well as an alternate command post for the senior commanders of the Russian Armed Forces.

The strategic possibilities of the Moscow Metro, now the largest subway system in the world, was realized from the start of its construction and strikingly demonstrated in World War II. In London, during the Blitz and in Berlin during the strategic bombing campaign, as well as in Moscow during the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, subway stations and tunnels were used as bomb shelters, command and control centres and hospitals. As nuclear weapons increased in accuracy and yield in the post war period, countries on both sides of the Iron Curtain continued to develop secondary facilities in order to guard against the possibility of nuclear war. While, it should be emphasised that conclusive eyewitness evidence for the existence of Metro Two has not yet come to light, it is clear that the experiences of the London Underground and the Berlin U-Bahn held lessons for anyone wishing to learn them.

Known Layout

At several points in the Moscow Metro’s underground network, there are several unused spur lines. According to the Moscow Metro administration, these are merely extension projects that were begun and then abandoned. The question must be asked why are these tunnels sealed with hermetically sealed steel doors and large concrete plugs? Another question that must be asked is why are these dead-ends not marked on maps of the Moscow Metro. It seems conceivable that the Soviet government built Metro Two, cutting off parts of the Moscow subway system in the process, given the climate of paranoia that existed in the Soviet Union during the Cold War, as well as the penchant of the Soviet government for keeping secrets, and doing whatever it wanted, with little regard for the people.

Metro Two and the US Department of Defence

Even though anecdotal stories of Metro Two are common in Russia, the most compelling piece of evidence for the existence of the Metro Two system comes from a US Department of Defence report written in 1991 as the Soviet Union was breaking up. Military Forces in Transition speaks of the construction of very large and extensive underground installations, built by the Soviets under Moscow proper and under its suburbs. These installations are connected by an extensive subterranean rail system, which is believed to be up to 600 feet deep. This system of bunkers and tunnels would allow the Russian government to continue to function effectively and covertly in the event of nuclear war.

Works CitedUS Department of Defense (1991-). Military forces in transition. ISSN 1062-6557

Moscow Metro: Metro Two Feb, 23/09

Metro.ru Feb. 23/09

 

The copyright of the article Metro Two: Moscow’s Top Secret Subway System in Bridges/Dams/Tunnels is owned by Terry Long. Permission to republish Metro Two: Moscow’s Top Secret Subway System in print or online must be granted by the author in writing.
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